Four days after Russia signs a humiliating peace treaty with the Central Powers at Brest-Litovsk, the newly declared independent state of Finland reaches a formal peace settlement with Germany.
The final multilateral agreement made at the Washington Naval Conference, the Nine-Power Treaty, marked the internationalization of the U. Naval arms control had rested on the assumption that Japan was satisfied with its world position.
Stimson indicated that he and the president, employing naval experts as advisers, would seek a "yardstick" to bridge the difficulties that had plagued the 1927 Geneva Conference—but no yardstick was forthcoming. Rising Japanese militarism and an international arms race heightened these concerns.
Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. After the devastation of World War I, the victorious western powers imposed a series of harsh treaties upon the defeated nations. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
Peacemaking, 1919—22. Italian Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando was a delegate but was shut out from the decision making. Many historians claim that the combination of a harsh treaty and subsequent lax enforcement of its provisions paved the way for the upsurge of German militarism in the 1930s. Then there are unilateral measures in the form of a country independently deciding to reduce its military capabilities and assets.
Confronted by French intransigence and German aggressiveness, the World Disarmament Conference slowly dissolved without any accomplishments. The U.
In Antiquity, for example, a victorious Rome demanded, in the aftermath of the second Punic War 218—201 BC that Carthage give up all its war elephants and its entire battle fleet bar ten ships. On September 1, 1939, he attacked Poland to alter that frontier, as well. See Article History.
This treaty replaced the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of 1902, which had been a source of some concern for the United States. Classical, Early, and Medieval Poetry and Poets: Related Links Background: President Calvin Coolidge accepted the league's invitation to send a representative.
The League of Nations and Disarmament After several early committees failed to come up with a disarmament proposal, the League of Nations created an "independent" preparatory commission in 1926 to prepare a draft treaty. In German eyes, the break with the past was complete, and the…. Sergey Lebedev. Secretary of State Stimson declared that President Hoover would not authorize discussions involving political arrangements to facilitate arms control measures.
Efforts to revise and defy the more burdensome provisions of the peace became a key element in their respective foreign policies and proved a destabilizing element in international politics.