For example, if you found that the mean height of male Biology majors was significantly larger than that of female Biology majors, you might report this result in blue and your statistical conclusion shown in red as follows: Do not introduce new results in the Discussion.
Introductions need to start with a broad motivating statement, which takes up one or two sentences. Organize the Discussion to address each of the experiments or studies for which you presented results; discuss each in the same sequence as presented in the Results, providing your interpretation of what they mean in the larger context of the problem.
Use concise terms. Describe the site where your field study was conducted.
Here is one commonly used way: Isolation of qwerty gene from S. In general, the answer is the " key result". Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: It often includes a summary of findings from previous, relevant studies. Improved example: Materials and Methods. Less food can't count numbers of food Fewer animals can count numbers of animals.
Better Hypothesis systematic observation.
In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. The logic of an introduction thus typically flows something like this:. Lakes containing D. This issue is related to that of framing, which I discuss separately elsewhere. Look at other papers that have been published in your field to get some idea of what is included in this section.
Many scientists choose to write the introduction to a research paper after the rest of the manuscript has been drafted and a clear picture of exactly what they are introducing has emerged. This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in which you did or thought about the work.
The last optional sentence wraps up the introduction. Instead, it tells how your study has moved us forward from the place you left us at the end of the Introduction. Do not put results in this section.
A bit more advanced, intended for those writing papers for publication. Precisely where to begin is often a notoriously difficult question, with the right answer based on which aspects of your research you hope to emphasise and how you understand the interests and concerns of your readers. Do NOT discuss the results or speculate as to why something happened; t hat goes in th e Discussion.
In the References section list citations in alphabetical order.
In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods.