Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. By visiting this site you agree to the foregoing terms and conditions. The remaining patients may have limitations related to their brachial plexus injury that are not resolving.
Such injury can affect the sensory and motor functions in the infant. Athwal, MD. It serves the function of motor innervation to deltoid and teres minor muscles while the sensory innervation comes from the skin just below the shoulder.
Last's Anatomy. The structure of the Brachial Plexus injuries is a complex one and only a thorough understanding and comprehensive examination of the nature of the injury can give a physician a better understanding of the treatment. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission.
When the gap between the nerve ends is so large that it is not possible to have a tension-free repair using the end-to-end technique, nerve grafting is used. Usually only one arm is affected. Minor damage often occurs during contact sports, such as football or wrestling, when the brachial plexus nerves get stretched or compressed.
These types of injuries can sometimes be repaired with surgery. Gunshot wounds may also cause artery or vein injuries that require immediate or delayed repair. A shooting nerve-like pain when the doctor taps along the affected nerves Tinel sign suggests an injury farther from the spinal cord. Some brachial plexus injuries are minor and will completely recover in several weeks. Cross-section views of the major types of brachial plexus stretch injuries.
If surgery is needed, microsurgical nerve repair may be undertaken as early as 3 months. Imaging Tests X-rays. The severity of injury will depend on the caliber, velocity, and angle of entry of the bullet.
These branches have five subtypes which are:. Arthroscopic surgery and other minimally invasive techniques Tendon transfers Muscle transfers Shoulder reconstruction Rotational osteotomies Elbow reconstruction Botox.
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Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subclavius, biceps brachii, brachialis, coracobrachialis, deltoid and teres minor.